Cow Hide Grades

FULL GRAIN:

  • The best quality leather, money can buy.
  • Top layer of the hide and includes all the natural grain.
  • The surface has not been sanded or buffed to remove imperfections or blemishes.
  • Has unique natural surface with scars, marks or pores.
  • Extremely breathable.
  • Extremely strong and durable (natural grain has the strongest fibers).
  • Ages, burnishes and will develop natural patinas over time.
Wanderlust Gallerie Premium Leather Cow Hide Grades Information. Full Grain vs Top Grain Leather
Wanderlust Gallerie Premium Leather Cow Hide Grades Information. Top Grain Split.

TOP GRAIN:

  • Second highest quality of leather.
  • The natural grain of the outermost layer has been sanded, buffed to remove imperfections and blemishes.
  • After removal, it is imprinted with an imitation grain, giving it a more uniform finish.
  • Thinner and more pliable than Full Grain.
  • Less breathable.
  • Less strong and durable.
  • The outermost finishing prevents it to develop natural patinas over time.
  • Less expensive than Full Grain.

SPLIT LEATHER:

  • The drop split is rough on both sides. after leaving the tannery it is called “suede” or “split”.
  • Created from the fibrous part of the hide, once the top grain layer has been removed from the hide.
  • Has an artificial layer applied to the surface and embossed with a leather grain.

BONDED LEATHER:

  • Not real leather, partially leather (~20%) and synthetic material.
  • Made of leftover scrap leather pieces, shredded and grounded to pulp and then glued together with polyurethane or latex into a fiber sheet.
  • Uniform surface because it gets imprinted by machine.
  • Has a plasticky, chemical odor.
  • Lowest and cheapest of leather.